WHAT IS HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND IS IT AN OFFENCE?
Human Trafficking (trading or buying and selling of human beings) is a form of modern slavery whereby victims are moved usually from one place to another and subjected to force, lied to or pressured into commercial sex, labour or work against their will or sold.
WHO ARE THE MAJOR VICTIMS OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING?
Victims of Human Trafficking can be children, teenagers, women and men. The law provides that children (below the age of 18years) are victims of human trafficking whether or not the people who trafficked them used force or fraud.
IS HUMAN TRAFFICKING AN OFFENCE UNDER THE ZAMBIAN LAWS?
Yes. A person found guilty of trafficking can be imprisoned for a period starting from 20years up to life (until they die).
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING?
There are two types of human trafficking namely internal trafficking and external trafficking.
i). Internal Trafficking - it involves the movement of people within the country in order to abuse them. For example, getting a child or an adult from the village and taking him or her to town in order to abuse them (e.g sexual abuse or to provide forced/cheap labour) is human trafficking. Usually, they are promised a better life. In the case of children, common reasons used are that the child will be put in school when in fact not.
ii). External Trafficking - it involves the movement of people from one country to another in order to abuse. For example, getting a child or an adult from Zambia and taking him or her to South Africa in order to abuse them (e.g sexual abuse or to provide forced/cheap labour) is human trafficking.
Learn more by downloading a pdf version of this booklet. Copy and paste this link into your browser: